Scientific Program > Talks by Speaker > De Aguiar Ana Raquel

Waste Collection with Route Balancing Concerns: A real-world application
Ana Raquel De Aguiar  1, *@  , Tânia Ramos  1, *@  
1 : Centro de Estudos de Gestão, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa  (CEG-IST)
Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa -  Portugal
* : Corresponding author

The optimization of waste collection typically focuses on the minimization of distance, route time or the maximization of profit while assuring a service level to the population. However, when dealing with real-world cases other concerns may arise. That was the case of a Portuguese waste collection company that covers a wide area of 7 000 km2. This area is highly heterogeneous, covering urban and rural territories, where some rural areas are characterized by a high degree of roughness (mountains and hills). Defining routes that minimize distance or maximize profit may result in unbalance routes from the human resources perspective, leading to a generalized dissatisfaction among the drivers. Moreover, the term “unbalance” could be measured in different ways. The drivers would prefer a routing plan where all routes visit the same number of waste bins, or have the same duration? Should the driving difficulties at rural roads be somehow incorporated? A literature review was conducted, and different ways of measure the balance/fairness of a routing plan were found, namely route workload, quantities transported, route length and route duration. In this work, we apply some of those measures to define a balanced routing plan to the company and compare the results among them. Moreover, a new measure is developed to account for the different characteristics of the territory. The problem is modeled as a CVRP with balancing concerns. The results show that the incorporation of a coefficient that translates the driving difficulties promotes a balanced routing plan from the driver's perspectives.

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